Without diluting or diverting the core message of ‘R2P’ – designed specifically to energize the world’s response to genocide and other heinous mass atrocity crimes – Parr creatively applies its principles and methodology to meeting the existential challenge of climate change. A thoughtful, stimulating, practical, and very-readable exercise in the cross-fertilization of ideas.  

Gareth Evans, Former Australian Foreign Minister; President Emeritus of the International Crisis Group; and author of ‘The Responsibility to Protect’ (ICISS; and Brookings)

Climate Change Action and the Responsibility to Protect: A Common Cause (London: Routledge, 2023)

This book brings together two important fields in the study of international politics and policy: climate change adaptation and mitigation (climate action) and the Responsibility to Protect (R2P). Both have attracted strong scholarly attention in each of their respective research silos, but there is yet to be a strong research push that explores the relationship between the two.

Filling this gap, Ben L. Parr argues that the climate action and the R2P agendas share a common goal: to protect vulnerable human populations from large-scale harm. To substantiate this argument, Parr reveals where the historical, conceptual, and operational parallels exist between the two agendas, and where and when researchers and practitioners from both camps might work together in practice to achieve their common goal in the challenging years ahead. Notably, the book builds on recent efforts by Western governments in the UK, US and EU to integrate climate action policies into conflict prevention and response policies. To achieve this, the volume situates a variety of climate action policies alongside the forty-six policy options found in the R2P operational framework (commonly known as the R2P toolbox) across its prevention, reaction, and rebuilding phases.

Climate Change Action and the Responsibility to Protect will be of significant interest to policy-orientated students and scholars, those working at the academic-policy interface in the NGO community, as well as those working in government and international organisations. (Available here

Table of Contents



CHAPTER 1      A History of Climatic Change and Atrocities

          • The Pre-Industrial Period
          • The Industrial Revolution to the Second World War 
          • The Cold War to the New Millennium 
          • September 11 to the Covid-19 Pandemic 

CHAPTER 2      Efforts to Curb Global Warming and Prevent Atrocities

          • Post-Cold War to the World Trade Centre Attacks
          • The War on Terror to the Arab Spring
          • The Arab Spring to the post-Pandemic World

CHAPTER 3      Climate Change and R2P – Towards Integration

          • Integrating Climate with Peace and Security – the Recent Background
          • Climate-R2P – Conceptual Considerations


CHAPTER 4      Climate Action and The Responsibility to Prevent

          • Early Warning Systems
          • Political and Diplomatic Strategies
          • Economic and Social Strategies
          • Constitutional and Legal Strategies
          • Security Sector Strategies

CHAPTER 5      Climate Action and The Responsibility to React

          • Political and Diplomatic Strategies
          • Economic Strategies
          • Legal Strategies
          • Security Strategies
          1. Military Strategies Short of Applying Coercive Force
          2. Military Intervention

CHAPTER 6      Climate Action and The Responsibility to Rebuild

          • Achieving Security
          • Achieving Good Governance
          • Achieving Justice and Reconciliation
          • Achieving Economic and Social Development


Other Research

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